In Boone County, more than half, 56.97 percent, of all students are not proficient in reading by the end of the third grade.
This ranks the county the 28th worst in the state in reading proficiency for student entering into the fourth grade.
Are West Virginia’s fourth graders reading to learn? That’s the question West Virginia KIDS COUNT poses in a new info-graphic released last week.
The answer, according to the National Assessment of Education Progress, is very clear, “No.”
Most would find it hard to believe that more than 7 in 10 of every W.Va. students are not reading proficiently by the end of the third grade, but it’s true, according to a report by the NAEP and West Virginia KIDS COUNT.
More than seven in ten, actually 73 percent, of all West Virginia students are not reading proficiently at the end of third grade, which is five percentage points worse than the national average of 68 percent.
Research shows that three out of four of those students will remain poor readers throughout high school, and one in six will not graduate.
“We are failing our youngest children by not preparing them to be good readers and successful learners,” said Margie Hale, Executive Director of WV KIDS COUNT. “We can and must do better. We should be focusing on the early years, from birth through age three, when the building blocks of literacy are being laid and where we get the highest possible return on our investment. One important step we can take toward ensuring that our fourth graders are reading to learn is expanding West Virginia’s Pre-Kindergarten program to include both three- and four-year-olds.”
The report shows that 83 percent of 4th graders in low-income families have reading skills that are below proficient, while only 55 percent of 4th graders in moderate- and high-income families are below proficient.
Risk factors for being a poor fourth grade reader include the mother’s education level, problems at birth, low family income, lack of high-quality pre-school programs and poor nutrition, according to the report.
Problems in West Virginia include:
• 1 in 5 births is to a mother without a high school education (19%)
• 1 in 10 babies is low birth weight (9%)
• 1 in 4 kids live in poverty (26%)
• 1 in 5 three-year-olds is enrolled in a pre-school program (21%)
• 1 in 4 households with children is “food insecure” (26%)
Why are third grade reading scores so important?
According to Hale, until the end of third grade, students are “learning to read,” but, from the fourth grade on, they are “reading to learn.”
“Fourth graders who can’t read well are at high risk of never catching up to their peers,” she said.
In the “Reading to Learn?” info-graphic, KIDS COUNT proposes a number of solutions to ensure that West Virginia’s fourth graders start the school year “reading to learn.”
Those solutions include:
• Developing an early care and education system that aligns programs for children from birth through third grade to improve reading proficiency;
• Expanding the state’s universal Pre-Kindergarten (Pre-K) program to include all 3-year-olds.
• Developing a comprehensive literacy plan designed to improve fourth grade reading;
• Enabling parents, families, and caregivers to help improve outcomes for their children;
• Encouraging community-wide action plans; and
• Creating and implementing solutions to address chronic absence and summer learning loss.
KIDS COUNT’s “Reading to Lear?” info-graphic identifies a number of risk factors for being a poor fourth grade reader and provides West Virginia data to show where the state stands on each.
The “Reading to Learn?” info-graphic also includes a startling graphic that compares the percentages of proficient vs. non-proficient readers in each county and ranks them from best to worst.
These percentages are based on the West Virginia Department of Education’s 2011-12 fourth grades WESTest, which measures reading and language arts proficiency against the state’s standards.
In only six of the state’s 55 counties were more than 50 percent of the students reading proficiently by the end of third grade. Clay County had the highest percentage of proficient readers, 63 percent, and Monroe County had the lowest at 29 percent.
On October 1st, the full KIDS COUNT info-graphic can be downloaded from the KIDS COUNT website at www.wvkidscount.org or on the KIDS COUNT Facebook page at www.facebook.com/westvirginiakidscount. Hard copies are available by calling 304-345-2101.